Indoor Location Positioning Technology:
Research, Start-ups
and Predictions
Updated March 18, 2013

In December, 2011, Grizzly Analytics released our first comprehensive report on indoor location positioning technology, predicting that indoor location technologies were going to revolutionize the mobile industry. In our updated report in May, 2012, we predicted that indoor location technologies were poised to reach market. Now, in March, 2013, we see how true these predictions have been. Indoor location technology is nearing its tipping point, with new announcements in mass-market and location-specific solutions coming out on a daily basis.

In this fully revised and updated 268-page report, Grizzly Analytics gives an up-to-date analysis and comprehensive overview of indoor location positioning R&D. Read about the research activity of all the major mobile companies - Google, Microsoft, Samsung, Apple, Nokia, RIM, Sony Ericsson, Motorola & others - the major chip and network makers - Cisco, Qualcomm, Broadcom, STMicroElectronics, CSR, Aruba & others - other major technology vendors, and also over fifty start-up companies that are actively bringing indoor location services to market.

This updated report also explains the newest trends in the industry. Why are companies integrating multiple methods of indoor positioning instead of focusing on one? In what way is Apple limiting indoor location technology on iPhones, and how are start-ups working around this? Which companies are moving to network-centric approaches?

In this updated technology trend report, Indoor Location Positioning Technology: Research, Start-ups and Predictions, Grizzly Analytics answers the questions you have about this new technology. What approaches are being researched by different companies? Which companies have mature research? What are the gaps in each company's research that they are likely to fill by acquiring start-up companies? What indoor location applications and services are being explored? Which start-up companies are likely to be acquired or to emerge successful in the market?

Published: March 18, 2013
Price: $900
Pages: 268


Executive Summary
Industry Trends since the May 2012 Report Update
Summary & Trends in Major Company Indoor Location R&D
Summary & Trends in Start-Up Companies in Indoor Location
Grizzly Analytics Predictions for Indoor Positioning
Broader Commerce Implications of Indoor Positioning
Table of Contents
Complete List of Companies Analyzed
The Push for Indoor Location Positioning
  Indoor Positioning
  Indoor Navigation
  Indoor Location Sharing
  Indoor Location-Based Promotions
  Indoor Location-Based Reminders
  Workforce Management and Asset Tracking
Overview of Methods of Indoor Positioning
  Location Positioning by Wi-Fi or Other Existing Radio Signals
  Radio Signal Method #1: Triangulation
  Radio Signal Method #2: Fingerprinting
  Tracking Location by Sensors Detecting Movements
  Indoor Positioning by Dedicated Beacons
  Integrating Multiple Methods
Research & Development by Mobile Software Companies
Google Activity in Indoor Location Positioning
  Google Location Services Moving Indoors
  Uploading Indoor Maps to Google
  Google Enabling Site Owners to Refine Location Positioning
  Technology Underlying Google Indoor Positioning
  Collecting Wi-Fi Locations and Using Them for Positioning
  Google Maps using Device Sensors
  Google Research on Positioning by Motion Sensing
  Research in Integrating Multiple Positioning Methods
  Additional Google Research in Indoor Location Positioning
  Google Funding Academic Research in Indoor Positioning
  Refining Location Positions by User Profiles
Apple Research in Indoor Positioning
  Apple Withholding Wi-Fi RSSI Data from Applications
  Early Pre-Cellphone Patent for Beacon-Based Positioning
  Apple Research & Activity in Wi-Fi Network Location Logging
  Apple Research in Indoor Positioning by Radio Reception
Research by Microsoft
  Indoor Positioning Research at Microsoft
  Early Research: The Cricket Project
  The Radar Project
  Core Location Service Team
  Using Wireless Access Point Location Tables
  Gathering Access Point Locations
  Microsoft R&D and Partnerships in Sensor Fusion
  Microsoft Research in Positioning by Fingerprinting
  Location Positioning by Path Analysis
  Network-level Location Positioning
  Location Positioning by Image Analysis
  Tracking Movement Away from Known Locations
  Using Other Radio Signals to Determine Location
  Using Audio Signals for Location Positioning
  Using Radio Beacons in a Building to Determine Location
Research & Development by Mobile Phone Manufacturers
Samsung Research in Indoor Positioning
  Location Triangulation based on Collected Antenna Locations
  Tracking Motion from Initial Known Locations
  Calibrating Motion Sensing for Indoor Positioning
  Beacons Transmitting Locations
  Combining Signals and Movement Sensors
  Compensating for Indoor Positioning Errors
  Licensing CSR's Technology for Positioning in Chips
  Positioning by Communicating with Nearby Devices
  Location Positioning from Light Transmissions
  Robots Generating Indoor Maps
Research and Demonstrations by Nokia
  Nokia's Long History of Research in Indoor Positioning
  In-Location Alliance
  Indoor Location Positioning Demo by Nokia
  Nokia's Use of Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)
  Nokia Vision of Indoor Positioning
  Nokia Research: Details from a 2009 Research Presentation
  Nokia's Patents on Indoor Positioning
  Nokia's Past Demos and Videos on Indoor Positioning
  Other Nokia Research on Indoor Location
Early Research by Motorola
  Bluetooth-Based Indoor Positioning
  Using Wi-Fi Signals and other Mobile Device Signals
  Inertial Navigation
  Other Motorola Research in Indoor Positioning
RIM Research in Indoor Location Positioning
  Probabilistically Tracking Movement by Wi-Fi Signals
  Logging Network Locations for Use in Indoor Positioning
  Determining Location in Stages
  Reminders Based on Location Derived from Cell Overlap
  Controlling Device Features Based on Indoor Location
Sony Ericsson Research in Indoor Positioning
  Retransmitting GPS Signals Indoors
  Wireless Devices in Rooms in a Home
  Positioning Using Beacons
  Distributing Indoor Maps
  Positioning by Rake Receivers
  Determining Position by Modulated Light
Research & Development by Chip Makers
Qualcomm Research in Indoor Positioning & Location Services
  Qualcomm's View of Indoor Positioning
  Qualcomm Research in Wi-Fi Based Positioning
  Trajectory-Based Location Positioning
  Positioning in an Area with Walls and Furniture
  Positioning based on Image Analysis
  Positioning with Femtocells
  Combining Multiple Positioning Methods
  Research by Qualcomm: Indoor Navigation Services
  Research by Qualcomm: Indoor Location Services
CSR Research & Development in Indoor Location Positioning
  Positioning with CSR Chips
  CSR Indoor Location Services
STMicroelectronics Research & Development in Indoor Location
Broadcom Research & Development in Indoor Location
  Broadcom Chips
  Broadcom Positioning Methods
  Indoor Location Positioning Support by Broadcom
Invensense Research & Solutions in Indoor Location
Research & Development by Network Companies
Cisco Research and Solutions in Indoor Location Positioning
  Network-Level Location Positioning
  Navigation to Local Locations
  Locations of Rogue Devices or Access Points
  Location-Based Permissions
Aruba Research and Solutions in Indoor Location Positioning
  Aruba's Location Positioning Research
Research & Development by Motorola Solutions and Networks
  Motorola Networks
  Motorola Solutions Partnering with TRX
  Network Location Positioning
R&D by Other Major Technology Companies
  Fraunhofer (Germany)
  Fraunhofer's AWILOC
  Fraunhofer's RedFIR Beacon System
  Fraunhofer's BlackFIR Next-Generation Approach
  AINSI (France)
  Research by Palm (former HP subsidiary)
  Research by BAE Systems
  CRS4 Research Center
  Research by Polaris and NTT DoCoMo
  Research by BMW for Cars in Parking Lots
  Research by Other Companies
Start-up Companies Deploying Solutions
  (62 pages covering 30 companies)
Companies Developing Pure Technology
  (13 pages covering 7 companies)
Companies Delivering Technology to the Mobile Industry
  (8 pages covering 5 companies)
Companies Delivering Industrial Indoor Positioning Solutions
  (16 pages covering 12 companies)
Non-Commercialized R&D Projects
  (9 pages covering 6 projects)