Indoor Location Positioning Technology:
Research, Solutions & Trends
Updated February 12, 2014

In December, 2011, Grizzly Analytics released our first comprehensive report on indoor location positioning technology, predicting that indoor location technologies were going to revolutionize the mobile industry. Our subsequent reports have tracked the growth and ongoing R&D by major companies and start-ups.

Now, in our 417-page fully-updated report, we see the technology advances that have reached market and grabbed the spotlight.

Since our previous report:

  Over 50 new start-up companies have launched, and several start-ups have been acquired
  Hardware approaches to indoor location have demonstrated centimeter-level accuracy
  Chips implementing indoor location in hardware have reached market
  Many major companies previously doing quiet research have launched products
  Proximity sensing has received huge market attention   Indoor location applications have launched in malls, stores, and other sites worldwide
  ... and much more

In this fully revised and updated 417-page report, Grizzly Analytics gives an up-to-date analysis and comprehensive overview of indoor location positioning R&D. Read about the research activity of all the major mobile companies - Google, Microsoft, Samsung, Apple, Nokia, RIM, Sony Mobile, Motorola & others - the major chip and network makers - Qualcomm, Broadcom, STMicroElectronics, CSR, Cisco, Aruba & others - other major technology vendors, and over one hundred start-up companies that are actively bringing indoor location services to market.

This updated report also explains the newest trends in the industry. What is the difference between proximity sensing and location positioning? Why are companies integrating multiple methods of indoor positioning instead of focusing on one? Why are many companies moving to network-centric approaches? What types of analysis are being done of user movement around a site? And perhaps most importantly, how are companies improving the accuracy of indoor positioning?

Only Grizzly Analytics reports give you the hard facts about R&D in progress.

Published: Feb 12, 2014
Price: $999
Pages: 417


Executive Summary
Industry Trends since the March 2013 Report Update
Summary & Trends in Major Company Indoor Location R&D
Summary & Trends in Start-Up Companies in Indoor Location
Grizzly Analytics Predictions for Indoor Positioning
Broader Commerce Implications of Indoor Positioning
A Note on Sources
Table of Contents
Complete Company List
The Push for Indoor Location Positioning
  Indoor Positioning
  Indoor Navigation
  Indoor Location-Based Promotions
  Workforce Management and Asset Tracking
  Indoor Location-Based Reminders
  Indoor Location Sharing
Overview of Methods of Indoor Positioning
  Overview of Approaches to Indoor Positioning
  Location Positioning by Wi-Fi or Other Existing Radio Signals
  Radio Signal Method #1: Triangulation
  Radio Signal Method #2: Fingerprinting
  Tracking Location by Sensors Detecting Movements
  Indoor Positioning by Dedicated Beacons
  Integrating Multiple Methods
  Proximity Beacons
Research & Development by Mobile Software Companies
Research and Systems by Google
  Google Activity in Indoor Location Positioning
  Google Location Services Moving Indoors
  Uploading Indoor Maps to Google
  Google Enabling Site Owners to Refine Location Positioning
  Technology Underlying Google Indoor Positioning
  Collecting Wi-Fi Locations and Using Them for Positioning
  Google Maps using Device Sensors
  Google Research on Positioning by Motion Sensing
  Research in Integrating Multiple Positioning Methods
  Additional Google Research in Indoor Location Positioning
  Google Funding Academic Research in Indoor Positioning
  Refining Location Positions by User Profiles
Apple Research in Indoor Positioning
  Apple Research in Indoor Positioning
  Apple Withholding Wi-Fi RSSI Data from Applications
  WiFiSLAM Technology
  WiFiSLAM Bootstrap Applications
  Apple’s iBeacon Specification
  Apple Research in Multi-Tiered Beacon Proximity Sensing
  Apple’s Early Patent for Beacon-Based Positioning
  Apple Research & Activity in Wi-Fi Network Location Logging
  Using Access Point Location Estimates for Positioning
  Location Positioning by Signal Fingerprinting
  Location Positioning in Indoor Parking
  Apple Research in Indoor Positioning by Radio Reception
Research by Microsoft
  Indoor Positioning Research at Microsoft
  The Radar Project
  Core Location Service Team
  Using Wireless Access Point Location Tables
  Gathering Access Point Locations
  Microsoft R&D and Partnerships in Sensor Fusion
  Microsoft Research in Positioning by Fingerprinting
  Location Positioning by Path Analysis
  Network-level Location Positioning
  Location Positioning by Image Analysis
  Tracking Movement Away from Known Locations
  Using Other Radio Signals to Determine Location
  Using Audio Signals for Location Positioning
  Using Radio Beacons in a Building to Determine Location
Research & Development by Mobile Phone Manufacturers
Samsung Research in Indoor Positioning
  Location Triangulation based on Collected Antenna Locations
  Tracking Motion from Initial Known Locations (Doors)
  Calibrating Motion Sensing for Indoor Positioning
  Beacons Transmitting Locations
  Combining Signals and Movement Sensors
  Compensating for Indoor Positioning Errors
  Licensing CSR’s Technology for Positioning in Chips
  Positioning by Communicating with Nearby Devices
  Location Positioning from Light Transmissions
  Robots Generating Indoor Maps
Research and Demonstrations by Nokia
  Nokia’s Long History of Research in Indoor Positioning
  In-Location Alliance
  Indoor Location Positioning Demo by Nokia
  Nokia’s Use of Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)
  Nokia Vision of Indoor Positioning
  Nokia Research: Details from a 2009 Research Presentation
  More from Nokia’s Research Presentation
  More from Nokia’s Research Presentation
  Nokia’s Patents on Indoor Positioning
  Nokia’s Past Demos and Videos on Indoor Positioning
  Other Nokia Research on Indoor Location
Early Research by Motorola
  Motorola’s Early Research in Indoor Positioning
  Bluetooth-Based Indoor Positioning
  Using Wi-Fi Signals and other Mobile Device Signals
  Inertial Navigation
  Other Motorola Research in Indoor Positioning
Research in Motion (RIM) Research in Indoor Location
  RIM Research in Indoor Positioning
  Probabilistically Tracking Movement by Wi-Fi Signals
  Logging Network Locations for Use in Indoor Positioning
  Determining Location in Stages
  Reminders Based on Location Derived from Cell Tower Overlap
  Controlling Device Features Based on Indoor Location
Sony Mobile Research in Indoor Positioning
  Retransmitting GPS Signals Indoors
  Wireless Devices in Rooms in a Home
  Positioning Using Beacons
  Distributing Indoor Maps
  Positioning by Rake Receivers
  Determining Position by Modulated Light
Research & Development by Chip Makers
  Chip Companies and Indoor Location Positioning
Qualcomm Research in Indoor Positioning & Location Services
  Qualcomm’s Parallel Initiatives in Indoor Positioning and Services
  Qualcomm’s IZAT Chipsets
  Qualcomm’s Gimbal Solution
  Gimbal’s Services
  Qualcomm’s View of Indoor Positioning
  Qualcomm Research in Wi-Fi Based Positioning
  Research Underlying Positioning using Heat Maps
  Research in Estimating Access Point Locations
  Trajectory-Based Location Positioning
  Positioning in an Area with Walls and Furniture
  Research in Network-Centric Positioning
  Research in Proximity Detection
  Research in Collaborative Positioning & Navigation
  Positioning via Environmental Information
  Positioning based on Image Analysis
  Positioning with Femtocells
  Combining Multiple Positioning Methods
  Research by Qualcomm: Indoor Navigation Services
  Research by Qualcomm: Indoor Location Services
CSR Research & Development in Indoor Location Positioning
  Development by Cambridge Silicon Radio (CSR)
  Positioning with CSR Chips
  CSR Indoor Location Services
STMicroelectronics R&D in Indoor Location Positioning
  Indoor Location Positioning by STMicroElectronics
Broadcom R&D in Indoor Location Positioning
  Broadcom Indoor Positioning
  Broadcom Chips
  Broadcom Positioning Methods
  Indoor Location Positioning Support by Broadcom
Invensense Research and Solutions in Indoor Location Positioning
  Indoor Location Technology by InvenSense
  Research & Development by Network Companies
Network Companies and Indoor Location
Cisco Research and Solutions in Indoor Location Positioning
  Cisco R&D in Indoor Location Positioning
  Cisco Wireless Location Appliance
  Network-Level Location Positioning
  Navigation to Local Locations
  Locations of Rogue Devices or Access Points
  Location-Based Permissions
Aruba Research and Solutions in Indoor Location Positioning
  Aruba Networks
  Aruba’s Location Positioning Research
  Meridian – Aruba Subsidiary
  Meridian Features & Services
  Meridian in the Market
Research & Development by Motorola Solutions and Networks
  Motorola Networks
  Motorola Solutions Partnering with TRX
  Network Location Positioning
Research & Development by Ruckus Wireless
  Ruckus Wireless Acquired YFind
  YFind Technology now Part of Ruckus Wireless
Research & Development by Other Major Technology Companies
  IBM’s Presence Zone Technology
  IBM Presence Zones Services
  PayPal’s BLE Beacons
  Fraunhofer (Germany)
  Fraunhofer’s AWILOC
  Fraunhofer’s RedFIR Beacon System
  Fraunhofer’s BlackFIR Next-Generation Approach
  SK Telecom (Korea)
  SK Telecom Technology
  SK Telecom Analytics
  AINSI (France)
  Research by Palm (former HP subsidiary)
  Research by BAE Systems
  CRS4 Research Center (Italy)
  Research by Polaris and NTT DoCoMo
  Research by BMW for Cars in Parking Lots
  Research by Other Companies
Start-up Companies Deploying Solutions
  (118 pages covering 46 companies)
Companies Developing and Selling Proximity Beacons
  (19 pages covering 7 companies)
Start-up Companies With Location Solutions Built on Others’ Technology
  (4 pages covering 3 companies)
Companies Developing Pure Technology
  (26 pages covering 13 companies)
Companies Delivering Technology to the Mobile Industry
  8 pages covering 6 companies)
Companies Delivering Industrial Indoor Positioning Solutions
  (35 pages covering 23 companies)
Non-Commercialized R&D Projects
  (7 pages covering 7 projects)